Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

n/a
Abstract Title:

In vivo antibacterial activity of Zataria multiflora Boiss extract and its components, carvacrol, and thymol, against colistin-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in a pneumonic BALB/c mouse model.

Abstract Source:

J Cell Biochem. 2019 Jul 24. Epub 2019 Jul 24. PMID: 31338900

Abstract Author(s):

Niloofar Hassannejad, Abbas Bahador, Nasim Hayati Rudbari, Mohammad Hossein Modarressi, Kazem Parivar

Article Affiliation:

Niloofar Hassannejad

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter baumannii has emerged as a major cause of nosocomial infections. Various resistance mechanisms of A. baumannii against antibiotics have transformed it into a successful nosocomial pathogen. Because of the limited number of available antibiotics, we used a medicinal plant with an antibacterial effect. Zataria multiflora Boiss (ZMB) extract and its components were used for the treatment of pneumonic mice infected with A. baumannii. The biological effects of this extract and the regulation of the outer membrane protein A (ompA) gene were used in a mouse model.

METHODS: A pneumonic mouse model was prepared using clinical and standard strains (1.5 × 10 colony-forming units/mL) of A. baumannii. BALB/c mice groups were treated with a ZMB extract, carvacrol, thymol, and sensitive antibiotics. The lung tissues of the treated mice were cultured for 5 days and each day, bacterial clearance and the ompA gene expression were assessed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction.

RESULTS: In the lung tissue culture of pneumonic mice infected with standard or clinical isolate, no colony was detected when treated with the ZMB extract after 2 and 3 days (P < 0.01), respectively. In the carvacrol-treated group, bacterial clearance was seen at day 4 and day 5 (P < 0.05). Bacterial clearance was seen 5 days after treatment with thymol and imipenem and 6 days after ampicillin/sulbactam treatment. The regulation of ompA gene was significantly decreased in this order: ZMB extract, carvacrol, thymol, imipenem, and ampicillin/sulbactam.

DISCUSSION: The ZMB extract had a potent bactericidal effect against A. baumannii that could downregulate the ompA gene. ZBM extract and carvacrol could be novel therapeutic agents for antibiotic-resistant A. baumannii.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.