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Abstract Title:

Vitamin D protects endothelial cells from irradiation-induced senescence and apoptosis by modulating MAPK/SirT1 axis.

Abstract Source:

J Endocrinol Invest. 2015 Sep 3. Epub 2015 Sep 3. PMID: 26335302

Abstract Author(s):

F Marampon, G L Gravina, C Festuccia, V M Popov, E A Colapietro, P Sanità, D Musio, F De Felice, A Lenzi, E A Jannini, E Di Cesare, V Tombolini

Article Affiliation:

F Marampon

Abstract:

PURPOSE: Radiotherapy toxicity is related to oxidative stress-mediated endothelial dysfunction. Here, we investigated on radioprotective properties of Vitamin D (Vit.D) on human endothelial cells (HUVEC).

METHODS: HUVEC, pre-treated with Vit.D, were exposed to ionizing radiation (IR): ROS production, cellular viability, apoptosis, senescence and western blot for protein detection were performed. The role of MAPKs pathway was investigated by using U0126 (10 μM) MEKs/ERKs-, SB203580 (2.5 μM) p38-inhibitor or by over/expressing MKK6 p38-upstream activator.

RESULTS: Vit.D reduced IR-induced ROS production protecting proliferating and quiescent HUVEC from cellular apoptosis or senescence, respectively, by regulating MAPKs pathways. In proliferating HUVEC, Vit.D prevented IR-induced apoptosis by activating ERKs while in quiescent HUVEC counteracted IR-induced senescence by inhibiting the p38-IR-induced activation. MEKs&ERKs inhibition in proliferating or MKK6/mediated p38 activation in quiescent HUVEC, respectively, reverted anti-apoptotic or anti-senescent Vit.D properties. SirT1 protein expression levels were up-regulated by Vit.D. ERKs inhibition blocked Vit.D-induced SirT1 protein up-regulation in proliferating cells. In quiescent HUVEC cells, p38 inhibition counteracted the IR-induced SirT1 protein down-regulation, while MKK6 transfection abrogated the Vit.D positive effects on SirT1 protein levels after irradiation. SirT1 inhibition by sirtinol blocked the Vit.D radioprotective effects.

CONCLUSION: Vit.D protects HUVEC from IR induced/oxidative stress by positively regulating the MAPKs/SirT1 axis.

Study Type : In Vitro Study
Additional Links
Pharmacological Actions : Radioprotective : CK(1247) : AC(406)
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Radiotherapy : CK(415) : AC(73)

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Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

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