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Abstract Title:

Amelioration of Diabetes-Induced Diabetic Nephropathy by Aloe vera: Implication of Oxidative Stress and Hyperlipidemia.

Abstract Source:

J Diet Suppl. 2018 Apr 5:1-18. Epub 2018 Apr 5. PMID: 29621403

Abstract Author(s):

Mandeep Kumar Arora, Yogesh Sarup, Ritu Tomar, Mary Singh, Puspendra Kumar

Article Affiliation:

Mandeep Kumar Arora

Abstract:

This study investigated the effect of Aloe vera in diabetes-induced nephropathy in rats. As diabetes-associated hyperlipidemia and oxidative stress have been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy, we evaluated the protective effect of whole leaf extract of Aloe vera on the basis of its hypolipidemic and antioxidative property. Aloe vera (300 mg/kg orally) has been noted to possess renoprotective effect in experimental diabetic nephropathy. However, its mechanism is not fully understood. Rats were administered streptozotocin (STZ) (55 mg/kg intraperitoneally once) to induce experimental diabetes mellitus. The development of diabetic nephropathy was assessed biochemically and histologically. In addition, the diabetes-induced lipid profile and renal oxidative stress were assessed. The single administration of STZ produced diabetes, which induced renal oxidative stress, altered the lipid profile, and subsequently produced nephropathy in eight weeks by increasing serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, proteinuria, and glomerular damage. Treatment with Aloe vera (300 mg/kg/day orally) was noted to be more effective against the diabetes-induced nephropathy and renal oxidative stress as compared to lisinopril (1 mg/kg/day orally), a reference agent. It may be concluded that diabetes-induced oxidative stress and lipid alterations may be accountable for the induction of nephropathy in diabetic rats. The treatment with Aloe vera (300 mg/kg/day orally) may have prevented the development of diabetes-induced nephropathy by reducing lipid alteration, decreasing renal oxidative stress, and providing direct renoprotective action.

Study Type : Animal Study

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