Total glucosides of paeony (TGP) extracted from Radix Paeoniae Alba exerts neuroprotective effects in MPTP-induced experimental parkinsonism by regulating the cAMP/PKA/CREB signaling pathway.
J Ethnopharmacol. 2019 Aug 22 ;245:112182. Epub 2019 Aug 22. PMID: 31445131
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The totally-amounted glucosides of paeony (TGP), which are made up of paeoniflorin, albiflorin, oxypaeoniflorin as well as benzoylpaeoniflorin, constitute the Baishao' actively-working component extracted from Radix Paeonia alba employed in conventional oriental medicine aiming to treat cerebrovascular disorders, such as Parkinson's disease. However, its pharmacologic mechanism is not clear.
AIM OF THE STUDY: The initial investigation was made on TGP's neuroprotective effects on PD of the mouse model based on 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) as well as the identification of potential involvement of a molecular signaling pathway.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The evaluation of the behavioral damage as well as neurotoxicity in mice was made through MPTP. Spontaneous motor activity test, as well as a test of Rota-rod on mice was employed for the measurement of bradykinesia symptom. Additionally, liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS-MS) works as the determiner of the main monoamine neurotransmitters dopamine (DA) along with its metabolites 3, 4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) as well as homovanillic acid (HVA) based on mouse hippocampus connected with the anti-Parkinson's disease like effect of TGP. Besides, the measurement of the effects of TGP treatment on the expressions level of TH, DAT, a-synuclein, p-CREBSas well as apoptosis influence was made with the help of western-blot assay with apoptosis-related markers such as Bax and Bcl-2.
RESULTS: The results showed that TGP treatment lessened the behavior-based loss shown"in the spontaneous motor activity as well as the potential of falling to rotarod test". In addition, we found that pretreatment with TGP markedly improved motor coordination, striatal dopamine and its metabolite levels. Furthermore, pretreatment of TGP conducted the protection for dopaminergic neurons with the prevented MPTP-induced reductions within the tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), substantia nigra dopaminergic transporter (DAT), as well as increasingα-synuclein protein levels with transformed dopamine catabolism as well as inhibited dopamine turnover. Besides, TGP treatment helped reversed apoptosis signaling molecules Bcl-2/Bax' reduction; meanwhile improving p-CREBSthe factor of growth signaling in the substantia nigra' decrease.
CONCLUSION: These results suggested that TGP can enhance dopaminergic neuron's cell survival in the SNpc in virtue of the activated cAMP/PKA/CREB factor of growth on inhibiting the pathway of second messenger apoptosis as well. In conclusion, the current findings indicate TGP is expected to be a new cure for PD.