These results suggest a potentially harmful influence of BPA on immune cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Low-dose levels of bisphenol A inhibit telomerase via ER/GPR30-ERK signalling, impair DNA integrity and reduce cell proliferation in primary PBMC.
Sci Rep. 2017 Nov 30 ;7(1):16631. Epub 2017 Nov 30. PMID: 29192164
Controversy exists about the human health risk of environmental exposure to bisphenol A (BPA). Telomerase activity is emerging both as biomarker and contributing factor for age-related diseases. The effects of BPA exposure at 1-1000 nM on telomerase, DNA integrity and cell proliferation were investigated in PBMC from human donors. Telomerase activity was determined by TRAP-ELISA assay and mRNA expression by qRT-PCR. Mechanistic studies were carried out on the ER/GPR30-ERK pathway using specific inhibitors/antagonists, the comet assay to quantify DNA damage and flow cytometry for cell proliferation. 24 h BPA exposure inhibited telomerase in a non-monotonic pattern with a peak inhibition of 32% at 1 nM (p ≤ 0.01). A significant telomerase inhibition was evident at 1 h after exposure with a minimum at 6 h. Elevated levels of DNA damage frequency and decrease in cell proliferation were evident upon long-term exposure. The results further demonstrate that BPA triggered rapidly an ER/GPR30-ERK transduction pathway that leads to decreased telomerase activity in human PBMC. This is the first study to demonstrate adverse impact of BPA at levels of current human exposure on telomerase in normal cells, mediated by ER/GPR30-ERK. The results suggest a potentially harmful influence of BPA on immune cells and should be addressed in future studies.