Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

Abstract Title:

Combinations of indole-3-carbinol and silibinin suppress inflammation-driven mouse lung tumorigenesis by modulating critical cell cycle regulators.

Abstract Source:

Carcinogenesis. 2015 Jun ;36(6):666-75. Epub 2015 Apr 20. PMID: 25896445

Abstract Author(s):

Jung Min Song, Xuemin Qian, Kalkidan Molla, Fistum Teferi, Pramod Upadhyaya, Gerry O Sullivan, Xianghua Luo, Fekadu Kassie

Article Affiliation:

Jung Min Song

Abstract:

Chronic inflammation is an important risk factor for lung cancer. Therefore, identification of chemopreventive agents that suppress inflammation-driven lung cancer is indispensable. We studied the efficacy of combinations of indole-3-carbinol (I3C) and silibinin (Sil), 20µmol/g diet each, against mouse lung tumors induced by 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) and driven by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a potent inflammatory agent and constituent of tobacco smoke. Mice treated with NNK + LPS developed 14.7±4.1 lung tumors/mouse, whereas mice treated with NNK + LPS and given combinations of I3C and Sil had 7.1±4.5 lung tumors/mouse, corresponding to a significant reduction of 52%. Moreover, the number of largest tumors (>1.0mm) was significantly reduced from 6.3±2.9 lung tumors/mouse in the control group to 1.0±1.3 and 1.6±1.8 lung tumors/mouse in mice given I3C + Sil and I3C alone, respectively. These results were paralleled by significant reductions in the level of proinflammatory and procarcinogenic proteins (pSTAT3, pIκBα and COX-2) and proteins that regulate cell proliferation (pAkt, cyclin D1, CDKs 2, 4, 6 and pRB). Further studies in premalignant bronchial cells showed that the antiproliferative effects of I3C + Sil were higher than the individual compounds and these effects were mediated by targeting cyclin D1, CDKs 2, 4 and 6 and pRB. I3C + Sil suppressed cyclin D1 by reducing its messenger RNA level and by enhancing its proteasomal degradation. Our results showed the potential lung cancer chemopreventive effects of I3C + Sil in smokers/former smokers with chronic pulmonary inflammatory conditions.

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.