Excess Free Fructose Beverages and Allergy in Children and Adolescents: Results From NHANES 2005-2006.
Ann Fam Med. 2018 Sep ;16(5):408-418. PMID: 30201637
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to investigate the relationship between intake of excess free fructose beverages and allergy among children and adolescents.
METHODS: We analyzed data of 860 children (aged 6 to 12 years) and 1,142 adolescents (aged 13 to 19 years) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006. Logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the associations between consumption of excess free fructose beverages and allergic symptoms or allergic sensitization.
RESULTS: The pattern of findings was not entirely consistent, but some analyses supported the hypothesis of an association between intake of excess free fructose beverages and allergy. After controlling for the potential confounders, children who consumed nondiet fruit drinks at least 5 times per week had a nearly 2.5-fold greater odds of allergic sensitization than did those who consumed such drinks only 1 to 3 times per month (OR = 2.446; 95% CI, 1.583-3.780). Adolescents who consumed excess free fructose beverages at least 5 times per week or 1 to 4 times per week had about fivefold greater odds of presence of allergic symptoms than did those who seldom consumed these beverages (OR = 5.164; 95% CI, 1.866-14.297 and OR = 4.112; 95% CI, 1.857-9.107, respectively). Adolescents who consumed apple juice at least 5 times per week had a twofold greater odds of presence of allergic sensitization than did the seldom consumers (OR = 2.215; 95% CI, 1.178-4.164).
CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide some support for the hypothesis of a link between intake of excess free fructose beverages and allergic symptoms or allergic sensitization in children and adolescents.