Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

n/a
Abstract Title:

Cytoprotective effects of xanthohumol against methylglyoxal-induced cytotoxicity in MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells.

Abstract Source:

J Appl Toxicol. 2017 Sep 20. Epub 2017 Sep 20. PMID: 28940469

Abstract Author(s):

Kwang Sik Suh, Suk Chon, Eun Mi Choi

Article Affiliation:

Kwang Sik Suh

Abstract:

Methylglyoxal (MG) has been suggested to be a major source of intracellular reactive carbonyl compounds, and has been implicated in increasing the levels of advanced glycation end products in age-related diseases. Xanthohumol is a prenylated flavonoid found in hops (Humulus lupulus) and beer. In the present study, we investigated the effects of xanthohumol on MG-induced cytotoxicity in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. Xanthohumol attenuated MG-induced cytotoxicity, as evidenced by improved cell viability, and prevented MG-induced MG-protein adducts, inflammatory cytokines, reactive oxygen species and mitochondrial superoxide production. In addition, xanthohumol increased glyoxalase I activity, glutathione, heme oxygenase-1 and nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 levels in the presence of MG. Pretreatment with xanthohumol before MG exposure reduced MG-induced mitochondrial dysfunction. Furthermore, xanthohumol treatment resulted in a significant reduction in the levels of endoplasmic reticulum stress and autophagy induced by MG. Notably, the autophagy-reducing effect of xanthohumol was abolished after the addition of Ex527, a selective inhibitor of sirtuin 1, suggesting that xanthohumol is an effective sirtuin 1 activator for reducing autophagy. Taken together, our findings suggest xanthohumol as a promising new strategy for preventing diabetic osteopathy.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.