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Abstract Title:

Herbacetin inhibits inducible nitric oxide synthase via JNK and nuclear factor-κB in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells.

Abstract Source:

Eur J Pharmacol. 2015 Oct 15 ;765:115-23. Epub 2015 Aug 20. PMID: 26297979

Abstract Author(s):

Liang Li, Mahesh Sapkota, Se-woong Kim, Yunjo Soh

Article Affiliation:

Liang Li

Abstract:

Herbacetin (3,4',5,7,8-pentahydroxyflavone), an active flavonol compound within flavonoid, has been shown to induce apoptosis in HepG2 cells and suppress hepatocyte growth factor-induced motility of human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells. However, the anti-inflammatory mechanisms of Herbacetin have not been researched. In this study, we examined the inflammatory responses stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in RAW264.7 macrophage cells after pretreatment with different concentrations of Herbacetin. We found that Herbacetin decreased nitric oxide (NO) production in LPS-induced RAW264.7 and mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages. In addition, Herbacetin inhibited the LPS-induced expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase mRNA and protein in RAW264.7 cells. Treatment with Herbacetin decreased the release of proinflammatory cytokines, including TNF-α and IL-1β. Moreover, Herbacetin inhibited the activity of JNK kinase and nuclear factor-κB, signaling molecules involved in NO production. Cell signaling analysis using Bay 11-7082 (an inhibitory κB kinase 2 inhibitor) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitors (SB203580 for p38, SP600125 for JNK, and PD 98059 for ERK) suggested that LPS induced iNOS expression via activation of the JNK and NF-κB pathway, but not the p38 and ERK pathway. These findings suggest that Herbacetin exerts an anti-inflammatory effect through suppression of LPS-induced JNK and NF-κB signaling pathways and diminished production of proinflammatory cytokines and mediators.

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