Therapeutic implications of Nigella sativa against cancer metastasis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Review-Therapeutic implications of Nigella sativa against cancer metastasis.
Pak J Pharm Sci. 2016 Sep ;29(5(Suppl)):1881-1884. PMID: 28476718
Muhammad Sheraz Arshad Malik
Nigella sativa (N. sativa), remedial usage against different diseases associated with skeleton, cardiovascular, digestive and urinary systems has a long-standing history. At present, efforts are underway to study its effects against various cancers at both the cellular and molecular levels. In this review, the role of active constituents like thymoquinone (TQ) on different types of cancer has been explored. TQ putative involvement in metastasis has been assessed by elucidating its effects on cell proliferation, adhesion, invasion and angiogenesis. Up regulation of caspase 3, Smac and down regulation of p-AKT, p65, XIAP, Bcl-2, COX-2 is also influenced by N. sativa. These findings prove a significant positive correlation between TQ concentrations and induction of apoptosis, decrease in motility and a reduction in invasion and angiogenesis in cancerous cells. However, there are still quite a few unaddressed domains, which need to be understood. One of these may include target specificity of N. sativa against cancerous tissues, mode of administration, dosage and downstream regulators in mediating these effects. In reference to earlier findings and low cost availability, N. sativa may, also, be suggested as either a suitable sole remedy for cancer or as a complementary to ongoing conventional therapy based extensive and rigorous in vivo optimization and validation.