Tai Chi ameliorates coronary heart disease by affecting serum levels of miR-24 and miR-155. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Tai Chi Ameliorates Coronary Heart Disease by Affecting Serum Levels of miR-24 and miR-155.
Front Physiol. 2019 ;10:587. Epub 2019 May 29. PMID: 31191331
The protective role of Tai Chi in coronary heart disease (CHD) has been widely reported. However, the exact molecular mechanism remains unclear. Serum levels of miR-24 and miR-155 have been found to potentially be involved with CHD risk. Thus, the effects of Tai Chi on CHD risk were explored by measuring serum levels of miR-24 and miR-155. A total of 326 CHD patients were evenly divided into the Tai Chi (TG) and control (CG) groups. The activities of daily living ability (ADL) and exercise of self-care agency (ESCA) scores were compared between the two groups. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), SF-36 life quality, self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS) were used to evaluate subjects' cardiac function, quality of life, anxiety, and depression. Serum levels of miR-24 and miR-155 were measured by a real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). After a 6-month Tai Chi intervention, the ESCA, ADL, LVEF, and SF-36 scores in the TG group were higher than those in the CG group (<0.05). The time of arrhythmia and atrioventricular block recovery and hospital stay, and the scores of SAS and SDS in the TG group were lower than in the CG group (<0.05). Serum levels of miR-24 and miR-155 in the TG group were also lower than in the CG group (<0.05). In addition, serum levels of miR-24 and miR-155 were negatively associated with the ESCA, ADL, LVEF and SF-36 scores, and had adverse effects on life quality. Altogether, these present findings demonstrate that Tai Chi improves CHD prognosis, by affecting serum levels of the miR-24 and miR-155.