Systemic treatment with resveratrol alleviates adjuvant arthritis-interstitial lung disease. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Systemic treatment with resveratrol alleviates adjuvant arthritis-interstitial lung disease in rats via modulation of JAK/STAT/RANKL signaling pathway.
Pulm Pharmacol Ther. 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28. PMID: 30930172
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is the most common pulmonary manifestation of Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) lung disease. The mechanism of RA-ILD remains obscure and more effective treatments are still needed. Resveratrol (RSV) a phytoalexin found with anti-inflammation and antioxidant activity. RSV has been reported to protect against RA. In current study, we evaluated the effects of RSV on RA-ILD and further explored the underlying mechanisms. We established the RA-ILD rat model by injecting Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA). After administration of RSV into RA-ILD rats, the disease parameters were assessed, inflammatory cytokines productions were analyzed, and the effects of RSV on JAK/STAT/RANKL were evaluated. Injection of FCA caused RA-ILD in rats, which had clear lung damage, fibrosis, and elevated pro-inflammatory cytokines in both serum and lung. RSV treatment significantly ameliorated the lung disease and prevented pro-inflammatory cytokines production. In addition, RSV inhibited JAK/STAT/RANKL signaling pathway in RA-ILD rats. RSV treatment alleviates RA-ILD in rats by inhibiting JAK/STAT/RANKL signaling pathway.