Possible Antidiabetic and Antioxidative Activity of Hydro-Methanolic Extract of Musa balbisiana (Colla) Flower in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Male Albino Wistar Strain Rat: A Genomic Approach.
Assay Drug Dev Technol. 2019 Feb/Mar;17(2):68-76. PMID: 30869526
The aim of the investigation was to search out the possible corrective effect of hydro-methanolic extract:: 3:2 of Musa balbisiana flower on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic male rat. In this concern, glycemic profile, oxidative stress profile, lipid profile, and toxicity profile were studied where a genomic approach has been taken to explain the mechanism of action of the said extract for such recovery. Such enzyme kinetics domain and genomic domain of concerned profile were not covered till now to explore the mechanism of diabetes management by this plant part. As hexokinase is one of the important enzymes of glycolysis and glycogenesis, and GLUT-4 an important transporter of glucose in skeletal muscle, liver and adipose tissue these genes have been selected here. For focusing the status of apoptosis in hepatic tissue, an important organ for carbohydrate metabolism, Bax and Bcl-2 gene expression were included, which are the novelty of this study. The hydro-methanolic extract was administered orally at the dose of 10 mg/100 g body weight for 28 days to diabetic rats. Abovementioned extract exhibited a significant recovery in parameters like fasting blood glucose; serum insulin; glycated hemoglobin; antioxidative enzymes in hepatic and renal tissue; and carbohydrate metabolic enzymes in hepatic and skeleto-muscular tissue along with proappoptotic gene Bax and antiappoptotic gene Bcl-2, glycemic genes like Hex-I, and GLUT-4 in hepatic tissue of STZ-induced diabetic rat. This investigation demonstrated the potentiality of hydro-methanolic extract (3:2) of M. balbisiana flower for correction of diabetes and diabetes-induced oxidative stress.