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Abstract Title:

Soy isoflavones improve endothelial function in spontaneously hypertensive rats in an estrogen-independent manner: role of nitric-oxide synthase, superoxide, and cyclooxygenase metabolites.

Abstract Source:

Pharmacology. 2003 Jun;68(2):81-8. PMID: 15958720

Abstract Author(s):

Rocío Vera, Milagros Galisteo, Inmaculada Concepción Villar, Manuel Sánchez, Antonio Zarzuelo, Francisco Pérez-Vizcaíno, Juan Duarte

Article Affiliation:

Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, University of Granada, Spain.

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of the isoflavones genistein and daidzein, and the mammalian estrogen 17beta-estradiol on endothelial function in isolated aortic rings from male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY). Relaxation to acetylcholine on precontracted rings was impaired and endothelium-dependent contraction to acetylcholine in aortic rings was increased in SHR compared with WKY. Aortic NADPH-stimulated O(2)(-) release and prostaglandin (PG)H(2) production evoked by acetylcholine were increased, whereas nitric-oxide synthase activity was reduced in SHR versus WKY. Genistein, daidzein, or 17beta-estradiol enhanced the relaxant response to acetylcholine and decreased the endothelium-dependent vasoconstrictor responses to acetylcholine in SHR, but not in WKY, and these effects were not modified by the estrogen receptor antagonist ICI 182,780 (7alpha,17beta-[9[(4,4,5,5,5-pentafluoropentyl)-sulfinyl]nonyl]estra-1,3,5(10)-triene-3,17-diol). Moreover, isoflavones enhanced nitric-oxide (NO) synthase activity and inhibited NADPH-stimulated O(2)(-) roduction and endothelial release of PGH(2). The contractions induced by the TP receptor agonist U46619 (9,11-dideoxy-11alpha,9alpha-epoxymethanoprostaglandin F(2alpha)) in denuded aortic rings were inhibited by genistein, daidzein, and 17beta-estradiol in both strains. In conclusion, the isoflavones genistein and daidzein and 17beta-estradiol restore endothelial function in male SHR through estrogen receptor-independent mechanisms. Increased NO production and protection of NO from O(2)(-)-driven inactivation might be involved in the improvement of vascular relaxation to acetylcholine in aortic rings from SHR. Moreover, isoflavones and 17beta-estradiol inhibited aortic endothelium-dependent contraction to acetylcholine in SHR by reducing the endothelial PGH(2) release and its vasoconstrictor response.

Study Type : Animal Study

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