Silibinin inhibited tumor aggressiveness in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Activation of microRNA-494-targeting Bmi1 and ADAM10 by silibinin ablates cancer stemness and predicts favourable prognostic value in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas.
Oncotarget. 2015 Jun 8. Epub 2015 Jun 8. PMID: 26090866
Tumor initiating cells (TICs) possessing cancer stemness were shown to be enriched after therapy, resulting in the relapse and metastasis of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNC). An effective therapeutic approach suppressing the HNC-TICs would be a potential method to improve the treatments for HNC. We observed that the treatment of silibinin (SB) dose dependently down-regulated the ALDH1 activity, CD133 positivity, stemness signatures expression, self-renewal property, and chemoresistance in ALDH1+CD44+ HNC-TICs. Using miRNA-microarray and mechanistic studies, SB increased the expression of microRNA-494 (miR-494) and both Bmi1 and ADAM10 were identified as the novel targets of miR-494. Moreover, overexpression of miR-494 results in a reduction in cancer stemness. However, knockdown of miR-494 in CD44-ALDH1- non-HNC-TICs enhanced cancer stemness and oncogenicity, while co-knockdown of Bmi1 and ADAM10 effectively reversed these phenomena. Mice model showed that SB treatment by oral gavage to xenograft tumors reduced tumor growth and prolonged the survival time of tumor-bearing mice by activation of miR-494-inhibiting Bmi1/ADAM10 expression. Survival analysis indicated that a miR494highBmi1lowADAM10low phenotype predicted a favourable clinical outcome. We conclude that the inhibition of tumor aggressiveness in HNC-TICs by SB was mediated by up-regulation miR-494, suggesting that SB would be a valuable anti-cancer drug for treatment of HNC.