Sarcopenia might be related to vitamin B12 deficiency. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Vitamin B12 deficiency might be related to sarcopenia in older adults.
Exp Gerontol. 2017 Sep ;95:136-140. Epub 2017 May 23. PMID: 28549839
Esra Ates Bulut
Sarcopenia and dynapenia are related to repeated falls, mobility restriction, depression, frailty, increased mortality and morbidity. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between vitamin B12 deficiency and sarcopenia in older adults. 403 patients, who attended to outpatient clinic and underwent comprehensive geriatric assessment, were included study. All cases' skeletal muscle mass (SMM), walking speed and hand grip strength were recorded by bioimpedance, 4meter walking test and hand dynamometer respectively. The diagnosis of sarcopenia was defined according to the criteria of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Sarcopenia was accepted low SMM with low handgrip strength or low physical performance. Dynapenia was defined as handgrip strength<30kg (men) and<20kg (women). The prevalence of sarcopenia and dynapenia was 24.8% and 32.0%, respectively. In the patients with sarcopenia, mean age, osteoporosis and frailty were higher, and MMSE, and instrumental ADL scores were lower than the patients without sarcopenia (p<0.05). The frequency of sarcopenia and dynapenia were 31.6% and 35.4%, respectively, in patients with vitamin B12 levels<400pg/mL. In addition lean body mass, total skeletal mass and skeletal muscle mass index were lower in the patients with vitamin B12 levels<400pg/mL compared to higher than 400pg/mL (p<0.05). Sarcopenia, which results in lots of negative clinical outcomes in older adults, might be related to vitamin B12 deficiency. Therefore, these patients should be periodically examined for vitamin B12 deficiency due to the potential negative clinical outcomes such as sarcopenia in older adults.