S-Adenosylmethionine regulates apoptosis and autophagy in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
S-Adenosylmethionine regulates apoptosis and autophagy in MCF-7 breast cancer cells through the modulation of specific microRNAs.
Cancer Cell Int. 2018 ;18:197. Epub 2018 Dec 4. PMID: 30533999
Concetta Paola Ilisso
Background: To get insight into the molecular mechanisms underlying the anti-tumor activity of S-adenosyl-l-methionine (AdoMet), we analyzed AdoMet-induced modulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) expression profile in MCF-7 breast cell line and its correlation with cancer-related biological pathways.
Methods: MiRNA expression profiling was performed using a TaqMan MiRNA Array, following 500 µM AdoMet-treatment. The results were confirmed by Quantitative real-time PCR analysis. MCF-7 were transfected with miR-34a, miR-34c and miR-486-5p, mimics and inhibitors in presence or not of 500 µM AdoMet for 72 h. Apoptosis and autophagy were analyzed by flow cytometry and the modulation ofthe main antiproliferative signaling pathways were evaluated by Western blotting. The potential mRNA targets for each miRNA were identified by the TargetScan miRNA target prediction software.
Results: Twenty-eight microRNAs resulted differentially expressed in AdoMet-treated MCF-7 cells compared to control cells. Among them, miRNA-34a and miRNA-34c were up-regulated while miRNA-486-5p was down-regulated. Moreover, we confirmed the ability of AdoMet to regulate these miRNAs in MDA-MB 231 breast cancer cell line. We demonstrate that, in MCF7 cells, the combination of either miR-34a or miR-34c mimic with AdoMet greatly potentiated the pro-apoptotic effect of AdoMet, by a caspase-dependent mechanism and activates p53 acetylation by inhibiting SIRT1 and HDAC1 expression. We also showed that miR-486-5p inhibitor induces autophagy and enhances AdoMet-induced autophagic process by increasing PTEN expression and by inhibiting AKT signaling.
Conclusions: Our findings provide the first evidence that AdoMet can regulate miRNA expression in MCF-7 increasing our knowledge on the molecular basis of the antitumor effect of the sulfonium compound and suggest the use of AdoMet as an attractive miRNA-mediated chemopreventive and therapeutic strategy in breast cancer.