Resveratrol rescues tau-induced cognitive deficits and neuropathology in a mouse model of tauopathy.
Curr Alzheimer Res. 2019 Aug 1. Epub 2019 Aug 1. PMID: 31368873
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the presence of extracellular amyloid-β (Aβ) plaques and intraneuronal neurofibrillary tangles assembled by the microtubule-associated protein tau. Increasing evidences demonstrated that tau pathology played an important role in AD progression. Resveratrol (RSV) has been previously proved to exert neuroprotective effect against AD byinhibiting Aβ generation and Aβ-induced neurocytotoxicity, while its effect on tau pathology is still unknown.
METHOD: The effect of RSV on tau aggregation was measured by Thioflavin T fluorescence and Transmission electron microscope imaging; The effect of RSV on tau oligomer-induced cytotoxicity was assessed by MTT assay; The uptake of extracellular tau by N2a cells was determined by immunocytochemistry. 6-month-old male PS19 mice were treated with RSV or vehicle by oral administration (gavage) once a day for 5 weeks. The cognitive performance was determined using Morris water maze test, object recognition test and Y-maze test. The levels of phosphorylated-tau, gliosis, proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α and IL-1β, and synaptic proteins including synaptophysin and PSD95 in the mouse brains were evaluated by immunoblotting, immunostaining and ELISA, respectively.
RESULTS: RSV significantly inhibited tau aggregation and tau oligomer-induced cytotoxicity, and blocked the uptake of extracellular tau oligomers by N2a cells. When applied to PS19 mice, RSV treatment effectively rescued cognitive deficits, reduced the levels of phosphorylated tau, neuroinflammation and synapse loss in the brains of mice.
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that RSV has promising therapeutic potential for AD and other tauopathies.