Resveratrol exhibits anti-inflammatory properties. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Resveratrol down-regulates interferon-γ-inducible inflammatory genes in macrophages: molecular mechanism via decreased STAT-1 activation.
J Nutr Biochem. 2010 Dec 27. Epub 2010 Dec 27. PMID: 21189227
College of Pharmacy, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 361-763, Republic of Korea.
Resveratrol (trans-3,4',5-trihydroxystilbene) is one of nonflavonoid polyphenolic phytoalexins found in various plant species, a number of which are components of human diet including grapes and red wines. Resveratrol has exerted several beneficial effects with anti-inflammation, cardioprotection and cancer chemoprevention. However, its mechanisms of action are not completely understood. In this study, we investigated effects of resveratrol on inflammatory gene expression in interferon (IFN)-γ alone-stimulated macrophages and proposed a molecular basis underlying the action. Resveratrol inhibited IFN-γ-induced production of nitric oxide (NO), IFN-γ-inducible protein-10 (IP-10), or the monokine induced by IFN-γ (MIG) in RAW 264.7 macrophages and also that of NO in primary macrophagesderived from bone marrows of C3H/HeJ (toll-like receptor-4(-/-)) mice. Moreover, resveratrol diminished IFN-γ-induced protein levels of inducible NO synthase (iNOS), attenuated mRNA levels of iNOS, IP-10 or MIG as well as inhibited IFN-γ-induced promoter activity of iNOS gene, indicating that thephytoalexin could down-regulate inflammatory genes at the transcription level. To understand a mechanism of the action, we tested resveratrol could affect the signal transducers and activation of transcription-1 (STAT-1), a pivotal transcription factor in IFN-γ-induced expression of inflammatory genes. Resveratrol inhibited IFN-γ-induced transcriptional activity of STAT-1 in macrophages and also IFN-γ-induced Tyr(701) or Ser(727) phosphorylation of STAT-1. We then focused on protein kinases upstream STAT-1 phosphorylation. Resveratrol inhibited IFN-γ-induced activation of Janus kinase-2 (JAK-2) and also the extracellular signal-regulated kinase, in which JAK-2 was more sensitive. Taken together, this study proposes a new mechanism of resveratrol, blocking JAK/STAT-1 pathway that controls inflammatory responses in IFN-γ-activated macrophages.