Quercetin Promotes Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis and Attenuates the Proliferation of Human Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Cell Line-K562 Through Interaction with HSPs (70 and 90), MAT2A and FOXM1.
Anticancer Agents Med Chem. 2019 Jul 29. Epub 2019 Jul 29. PMID: 31362681
BACKGROUND: Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia (CML) starts in certain blood-forming cells of the bone marrow when cells acquire Philadelphia chromosome. Nowadays, scientists attempt to find novel and safe therapeutic agents and approaches for CML therapy as using of the Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors (TKIs), CML conventional treatment agents, has some restrictions and also adverse effects. Recently, it has been proposed that phytochemicals, such as flavonoids due to their low side effects and notable safety have the potential to use for CML therapy.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: K-562 cells were exposed with three concentrations of the querectin (10, 40 and 80µM) for 12, 24 and 48 hours. After that, these cells apoptosis rate was estimated using Annexin-V/PI staining and flowcytometry analysis, and their proliferation rate was evaluated using 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT). Finally, expression of the 70 and 90 kilodalton heat shock proteins (HSP70 and 90), methionine adenosyltransferase 2A (MAT2A), Forkhead box protein M1 (FOXM1), caspase-3 and -8, Bcl-X(L) and Bax involved in leukemic cells survival and proliferation was assessed using Real-Time PCR within 12, 24 and 48 hours after exposure with quercetin 40 and 80µM.
RESULTS: Considering consequences, querecetin induced apoptosis in K-562 cells, and also abrogated these cells proliferation. On the other hand, RT-PCR results showed a reduction in some of the candidate genes expression, especially HSP70, Bcl-X(L) and FOXM1, when cells were treated with quercetin 40 and 80µM. Also, Bax, caspase-3 and caspase-8 expression was significantly improved in K-562 cells upon quercetin exposure.
CONCLUSION: We concluded that CML therapy by querecetin due to its anti-proliferative and anti-survival potentials could lead to the promising therapeutic outcome through targeting major survival and proliferation involved genes expression.