Protective effects of tanshinone IIA on myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Protective effects of tanshinone IIA on myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury by reducing oxidative stress, HMGB1 expression, and inflammatory reaction.
Pharm Biol. 2015 ;53(12):1752-8. Epub 2015 Apr 13. PMID: 25864557
CONTEXT: Although there were reports on the protective functions of tanshinone IIA (TSA) on rat myocardial ischemia, the exerting mechanism has not been completely clarified.
OBJECTIVE: An attempt was made to further verify the protective effect of TSA on myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury and elucidate its underlying mechanism.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rats were given TSA (10, 20, and 40 mg/kg bw per day) in intraperitoneal injection for 15 d. Rami anterior descending branch of coronary artery was ligated for 30 min and then re-perfused for 120 min to establish a reperfusion model. Effects of TSA on the infarct area, creatine kinase (CK), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), high mobility group box B1 protein (HMGB1), and inflammation and oxidation were investigated.
RESULTS: Compared with those in the IR group, infarct size percentages of rats' myocardium in L-TSA, M-TSA, and H-TSA groups were reduced by 1.21, 4.26, and 12.50%, respectively, CK activities by 7.4, 11.2, and 12.5%, respectively, and AST activities also declined (p < 0.05). Furthermore, compared with those in the IR group, SOD and GSH-Px activities increased, and MDA, TNF-α, IL-6, and iNOS levels decreased in L-TSA, M-TSA, and H-TSA groups (p < 0.05). Meanwhile, compared with those in the IR group, HMGB1 expressions in L-TSA, M-TSA, and H-TSA groups were lowered by 21.9, 32.4, and 35.6%, respectively.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The protective function of TSA on myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury may be possibly exerted by inhibiting the increase of ROS caused by the reperfusion to attenuate the expression of HMGB1 and inhibit inflammation.