P. suberosa can be used to manage blood glucose and cholesterol levels. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic activity of aqueous leaf extract ofL.
PeerJ. 2018 ;6:e4389. Epub 2018 Feb 20. PMID: 29479498
Hasani Prabodha Sudasinghe
Leaves ofL. (Family: Passifloraceae; common name: wild passion fruit, devil's pumpkin) are used in Sri Lankan traditional medicine for treating diabetes. The present study investigated theability ofleaves to manage blood sugar status and associated cholesterol levels. Mechanisms of action and toxicity were also determined. Phytochemical screening of aqueous extracts ofleaves and carbohydrate content of the leaves were determined according to previously published methods. In two group of male mice ( = 9), effects on fasting and random blood glucose levels (BGLs) of different acute doses (0, 25, 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg) of the aqueous leaf extract (ALE) were evaluated at 1, 3, and 5 h post-treatment. In another set of mice, the fasting BGL was evaluated following treatment of 0 or 50 mg/kg ALE(dose prescribed in traditional medicine) for 30 consecutive days. The lipid profile, some mechanism of ALE action (diaphragm glucose uptake, glycogen content in the liver and skeletal muscles) and its toxicity (behavioural observation, food and water intake, hepatoxicity) were also assessed following 30-day treatment. However, sucrose and glucose tolerance tests and intestinal glucose uptake were conducted to determine portion of mechanisms of action following single dose of 50 mg/kg ALE. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of alkaloids, unsaturated sterols, triterpenes, saponins, flavonoids, tannins and proanthocyanidins. Carbohydrate content of the leaves was 12.97%. The maximum hypoglycemic effect was observed after 4 h of 50 and 100 mg/kg ALE administration. The extract decreased fasting BGL (18%) following an oral sucrose challenge and inhibited (79%) glucose absorption from the intestine. Correspondingly, the levels of glycogen in the liver (61%) and in the skeletal muscles (57%) were found be higher than that of the control group. The levels of total cholesterol (17%) and tri-glyceraldehyde levels (12%) found to be reduced in treated groups. Furthermore, no significant toxic effects were observed in treated groups. The present results suggest that the leaves ofcan be used to manage blood glucose and cholesterol levels. Isolation of active compounds are recommended for further analysis.