Anti-hyperglycaemic Effects of Rutin on Blood Glucose, Oxidative Stress Biomarkers and Lipid Peroxidation in Alloxan-induced Hyperglycaemic Wistar Rats.
Niger J Physiol Sci. 2017 Jun 30 ;32(1):91-96. Epub 2017 Jun 30. PMID: 29134983
The present study investigated the anti-hyperglycaemic effect of rutin on blood glucose, oxidative stressbiomarkers and lipid peroxidation in alloxan induced hyperglycaemic wistar rats. Diabetes was induced in rats by anintraperitoneal (i.p) injection of alloxan monohydrate 150 mg/kg body weight. Twenty five wistar rats were divided asfollows; Group1 served as diabetic control received distilled water 2 mg/kg, Group served as positive control received 2mg/kg glibenclamide, 3, 4 and 5 received rutin at 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg body weight for 28 days respectively. At the end of the treatment, rats were sacrificed and the blood and serum were used for the analysis of blood glucose and oxidativestress biomarkers respectively. The determinations of blood glucose levels were carried out at intervals of 7, 14, 21 and 28days respectively Serum oxidative stress biomarkers lipid peroxidation, were done on the 28 days. Administrations of rutinat the three different doses 50,100 and 200 mg/kg to diabetic rats significantly (p<0.05) decreased the blood glucose levelsas compared to diabetic control. The dose of 200 mg/kg exhibited a maximum glucose lowering effect with blood glucoseof 102.8± 0.06 as compared to diabetic control 346.2±0.16. Furthermore, in relation to the oxidative stress biomarkers therewas a significant (p<0.05) increased in the levels of gluthathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase and catalase as comparedto control. However, there was also a significant decreased in the malondialdehyde levels as compared to control. It may beconcluded that oral administration of Rutin for 28 days decreases blood glucose levels and prevented oxidative stress andantioxidant status in hyperglycaemic rats.