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Abstract Title:

Morin Protects Human Respiratory Cells from PMInduced Genotoxicity by Mitigating ROS and Reverting Altered miRNA Expression.

Abstract Source:

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Jul 5 ;16(13). Epub 2019 Jul 5. PMID: 31284452

Abstract Author(s):

Indhumathi Veerappan, Senthil Kumar Sankareswaran, Rajaguru Palanisamy

Article Affiliation:

Indhumathi Veerappan

Abstract:

Chronic fine particulate matter (PM) exposure causes oxidative stress and leads to many diseases in human like respiratory and cardiovascular disorders, and lung cancer. It is known that toxic responses elicited by PMparticles depend on its physical and chemical characteristics that are greatly influenced by the source. Dietary polyphenolic compounds that possess antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties could be used for therapeutic or preventive approaches against air pollution related health hazards. This study evaluates characteristics and toxicity of PMcollected from rural, urban, industrial, and traffic regions in and around Coimbatore City, Tamilnadu, India. Traffic PMparticles contained higher amounts of metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). It also possessed higher levels of oxidative potential, induced more intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), and caused more levels of cell death and DNA damage in human respiratory cells. Its exposure up regulated DNA damage response related miR222, miR210, miR101, miR34a, and miR93 and MycN and suppressed Rad52. Pre-treatment with morin significantly decreased the PMinduced toxicity and conferred protection against PMinduced altered miRNA expression. Results of this study showed that cytoprotective effect of morin is due to its antioxidative and free radical scavenging activity.

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Sayer Ji
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