Montmorillonite is capable of binding to Cesium-134. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Behavior and analysis of Cesium adsorption on montmorillonite mineral.
J Environ Radioact. 2009 Oct;100(10):914-20. Epub 2009 Aug 3. PMID: 19647910
Key Laboratory of Radiation Physics and Technology, Ministry of Education, Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, Sichuan University, 29 WangJiang Road, Chengdu, P.R. China.
The adsorption of Cs by montmorillonite and the effects of experimental conditions on adsorption were investigated by using (134)Cs as a radioactive tracer. Additionally, the Cs-adsorbed and the modified montmorillonite were analyzed by X-ray Diffractometer System (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The results showed that the adsorption of Cs by montmorillonite was efficient in the initial concentration (C(0)) of 30 microg/L Cs nitrate solution with 20 g/L montmorillonite at room temperature. In this condition, more than 98% Cs(+) ions could be adsorbed at pH approximately 8. The adsorption equilibrium was achieved within 5 min and the relationship between the concentration of Cs(+) in aqueous solutions and adsorption capacities of Cs(+) can be described by the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. The adsorption rate would decrease when temperature increase from 0 degrees C to 50 degrees C or in presence of coexistent K(+), Na(+) and Ca(2+), while modification by (NH(4))(2)SO(4), [Ag(NH(3))(2)](+), [Cu(NH(3))(4)](2+) or 450 degrees C could improve the adsorption abilities of montmorillonite for Cs(+). However, more than 89% of adsorbed Cs(+) on montmorillonite could be desorbed by 2 mol/L HNO(3) solutions. The XRD and SEM analysis further showed that the structure of the Cs-adsorbed or modified montmorillonite were different from that of the original one.