Mangiferin protects mitochondrial function in endothelial cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Mangiferin protects mitochondrial function by preserving mitochondrial hexokinase-II in vessel endothelial cells.
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2017 May 3. Epub 2017 May 3. PMID: 28478227
Hexokinase-II (HK-II) confers protection against cell death and this study was designed to investigate the effect of mangiferin on the regulation of mitochondrial HK-II. In vessel endothelial cells, saturated fatty acid palmitate (PA) stimulation induced HK-II detachment from mitochondria due to cellular acidification. Mangiferin reduced lactate accumulation by improving pyruvate dehydrogenase activity, promoted Akt translocation to HK-II and prevented HK-II detachment from mitochondria. Knockdown of Akt2 diminished the protective effect of mangiferin on mitochondrial HK-II, confirming the role of Akt in the regulation of HK-II. Mangiferin prevented mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening, restored mitochondrial membrane potential and thereby protected cell from apoptosis. In high-fat diet fed mice, oral administration of mangiferin induced Akt phosphorylation, increased HK-II binding to mitochondria and resultantly protected vessel endothelial function, demonstrating its protective effect on endothelial integrity in vivo. This finding provided a novel strategy for the protection of mitochondrial function in the endothelium.