Lycopene exerts anti-inflammatory effect to inhibit prostate cancer progression. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Lycopene exerts anti-inflammatory effect to inhibit prostate cancer progression.
Asian J Androl. 2018 Sep 7. Epub 2018 Sep 7. PMID: 30198495
Lycopene is a natural compound that alleviates oxidative stress and inflammation, exerting therapeutic effects in a number of cancers. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of lycopene in inhibiting prostate cancer. Cell viability assays indicated the dose- and time-dependent toxicity of lycopene in prostate cancer cells. Annexin V/propidium iodide double-staining assays revealed the strong apoptotic effects of lycopene. The levels of inflammatory factors, including interleukin-1 (IL1), IL6, IL8, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), in lycopene-treated cells were also reduced by lycopene treatment. With the increasing dose of lycopene, the survival of mice bearing prostate cancer xenografts was significantly improved (P<0.01), and the tumor burden was significantly reduced (P<0.01). Our results indicate that lycopene is a promising chemotherapy drug, which inhibits prostate cancer progression by suppressing the inflammatory response.