Luteolin suppresses cisplatin-induced cell death in auditory cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Luteolin suppresses cisplatin-induced apoptosis in auditory cells: possible mediation through induction of heme oxygenase-1 expression.
J Med Food. 2008 Jun;11(2):230-6. PMID: 18598163
Vestibulocochlear Research Center and Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Chonbuk, Republic of Korea.
Luteolin has been shown to possess antitumorigenic, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. In the present study, we investigated the protective mechanism of luteolin against cisplatin-induced apoptosis in auditory (House Ear Institute-Organ of Corti 1 [HEI-OC1]) cells. Luteolin was found to induce the expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Luteolin also activated the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, which plays an important role in the expression of HO-1. Luteolin protected the cells against cisplatin-induced apoptotic cell death. The protective effect of luteolin was abrogated by zinc protoporphyrin IX (ZnPP IX), an HO inhibitor, and antisense oligodeoxynucleotides against the HO-1 gene. Furthermore, pretreatment with luteolin inhibited the activation of caspase-3 and the mitochondrial dysfunction, and the effect of luteolin on the activation of caspase-3 disappeared in the presence of ZnPP IX or PD098059. These results demonstrate that the expression of HO-1 by luteolin is mediated by the ERK pathway, and also that the activating of HO-1 inhibits cisplatin-induced apoptosis in HEI-OC1 1 cells.