Evaluation of Anti-Nociceptive and Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Luteolin in Mice.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol. 2018 ;37(4):351-364. PMID: 30806241
Flavonoids are polyphenolic compounds that not only impart coloration to plants and fruits, but also protect plants from pathogens, radiation, etc. They serve as a nutrient to plants and possess immense anti-oxidant properties. Research has shown that they exhibit anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and neuroprotective properties in both in vitro and in vivo analyses. Luteolin is one such flavonoid belongs to the group of flavones present in herbs such as thyme, chamomile, celery, and green pepper. The epidemiological data on luteolin consumption show that luteolin has anti-inflammatory activity and protects from diseases associated with inflammation. The present study assessed the anti-nociceptive properties of luteolin, a potent anti-inflammatory agent, in mice. The results demonstrated that luteolin produces a significant and dose-dependent increase in hot plate latency and tail withdrawal time. It also reduced the number of abdominal constrictions and paw licking induced by acetic acid and glutamate, respectively. Luteolin inhibited the nociceptive responses in both phases of formalin test. The anti-inflammatory property of luteolin was also confirmed with different anti-inflammatory mice models induced by carrageenan and air pouch. Behavioral changes in luteolin-treated mice were assessed with open-field test to confirm the muscle relaxant property. The results of the current study from various pain and inflammatory models confirms that luteolin possess potent anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory properties and can thus be used as a drug in pain management.