Luteolin inhibits recruitment of monocytes and migration of Lewis lung carcinoma cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Luteolin inhibits recruitment of monocytes and migration of Lewis lung carcinoma cells by suppressing chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 expression in tumor-associated macrophage.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2016 Jan 29 ;470(1):101-6. Epub 2016 Jan 5. PMID: 26766793
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play pivotal roles in the progression of cancer. In order to investigate a novel candidate that inhibits the tumor-supporting M2-like phenotype of TAMs, a murine macrophage cell line RAW 264.7 cells were treated with interleukin (IL)-4. Luteolin inhibited phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6), a main downstream signal of IL-4, and reduced the expression of the M2-associated genes. In addition, Luminex multiplex analysis for secreted cytokines revealed that IL-4-enhanced secretion of chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) was reduced by luteolin treatment. IL-4-stimulated migration of monocyte, THP-1 cells, was inhibited by luteolin treatment and recovered by recombinant CCL2 supplement. Moreover, luteolin decreased migration of Lewis lung carcinoma cells in a CCL2-dependent manner. Given the important role of the TAM phenotype in the tumor microenvironment, inhibitory effect of luteolin on the monocyte recruitment and cancer migration via suppression of the TAM-secreted CCL2 may suggest a novel therapeutic approach to treat malignant tumors.