Long term effects of cigarette smoke extract or nicotine on nerve growth factor and its receptors in a bronchial epithelial cell line.
Toxicol In Vitro. 2018 Dec ;53:29-36. Epub 2018 Aug 1. PMID: 30076938
A M Stabile
Long-term exposure to cigarette smoke induces severe injuries to respiratory system through several mechanisms, some of them are well defined, but many others are not yet elucidated. Beside its classical role in nervous system, we have previously shown that Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) and its receptors have a crucial role in airway inflammatory diseases, such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. To expand our knowledge about the relevance of NGF and its receptors in airway diseases induced by cigarette smoking, we exposed for 16 weeks the bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B to sub-toxic concentrations of whole cigarette smoke extract or pure nicotine. Viability, cell cycle gene expression, cell morphology and migration ability were tested and compared to NGF release and gene expression. Modulation of its receptors TrKA and p75NTR was also analyzed. The present study shows that long term exposure of BEAS-2B cells to cigarette smoke extract or nicotine induces: (A) differences: in cell viability, in the expression of cell cycle-related genes, in NGF release and in gene expression of NGF and its receptors; (B) similarities: in morphology and migration ability. Taken together, our data provide new insights about the biological role of NGF and its receptors in airway diseases induced by long-term cigarette smoking and, finally, our data evidence the opportunity not to use nicotine lozenges or e-cigarettes as anti smoking replacement therapy in patients with a previous airway disease according to the ability of nicotine to increase the amount of the pro-inflammatory cytokine NGF into the bronchial environment.