Lectin from Okra promotes selective antitumor effects in human breast cancer cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Lectin of Abelmoschus esculentus (okra) promotes selective antitumor effects in human breast cancer cells.
Biotechnol Lett. 2014 Mar ;36(3):461-9. Epub 2013 Oct 16. PMID: 24129958
Leonardo G Monte
The anti-tumor effects of a newly-discovered lectin, isolated from okra, Abelmoschus esculentus (AEL), were investigated in human breast cancer (MCF7) and skin fibroblast (CCD-1059 sk) cells. AEL induced significant cell growth inhibition (63 %) in MCF7 cells. The expression of pro-apoptotic caspase-3, caspase-9, and p21 genes was increased in MCF7 cells treated with AEL, compared to those treated with controls. In addition, AEL treatment increased the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in MCF7 cells. Flow cytometry also indicated that cell death (72 %) predominantly occurred through apoptosis. Thus, AEL in its native form promotes selective antitumor effects in human breast cancer cells and may represent a potential therapeutic to combat human breast cancer.