Kiwi fruit (Actinidia deliciosa) ameliorates gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in albino mice via the activation of Nrf2 and the inhibition of NF-κB (Kiwi&gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity).
Biomed Pharmacother. 2017 Jul 28 ;94:206-218. Epub 2017 Jul 28. PMID: 28759758
Yomna I Mahmoud
Gentamicin is a potent aminoglycoside antibiotic, but the risk of nephrotoxicity limits its prolonged use. The toxicity of gentamicin is believed to result from oxidative stress, a condition that could be counteracted by dietary antioxidants. This study determines the possible renoprotective effects of kiwifruit against the pathophysiological and ultrastructural alterations induced by gentamicin. Mice were intraperitoneally injected with gentamicin (100mg/kg body weight) for eight consecutive days, and kiwi juice was administered for 8days, either concomitant to or after gentamicin injection. Gentamicin caused nephrotoxicity evidenced by the significant elevation of serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen levels, along with significant reduction of serum sodium and potassium ions, compared to normal controls. This was associated with proximal tubular necrosis, lysosomal accumulation and mitochondrial alterations, together with glomerular atrophy, mesangial hypercellularity, and inflammatory cell infiltration. Moreover, immunohistochemical results pointed to the relevant role of Nrf2 and NF-κB in gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity. Kiwi administration, especially when given after gentamicin injection, significantly ameliorated gentamicin-induced pathophysiological alterations, increased the nuclear immunoreactivity of Nrf2 and decreased that of NF-κB. In short, kiwi fruit shows a promising role as a nephroprotective agent against gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity via attenuating oxidative stress, inflammation and cell death.