An emerging strategy for evaluating the grades of Keemun black tea by combinatory liquid chromatography-Orbitrap mass spectrometry-based untargeted metabolomics and inhibition effects onα-glucosidase and α-amylase.
Food Chem. 2018 Apr 25 ;246:74-81. Epub 2017 Nov 8. PMID: 29291881
Quantitative analysis and untargeted liquid chromatography mass spectrum (LC-MS) based metabolomics of different grades of Keemun black tea (KBT) were conducted. Quantitative analysis did not show tight correlation between tea grades and contents of polyphenols, but untargeted metabolomics analysis revealed that high-grades KBT were distinguished from the low-grades. S-plot and Variable Importance (VIP) analysis gave 28 marker compounds responsible for the discrimination of different grades of KBT. The inhibitory effects of KBT onα-amylase and α-glucosidase were positively correlated to tea grades, and the correlation coefficient between each marker compound and inhibitory rate were calculated. Thirteen compounds were positively related to the anti-glycemic activity, and theasinensin A, afzelechin gallate and kaempferol-glucoside were confirmed as grade-related bioactive marker compounds by chemical and bioassay in effective fractions. This study suggested that combinatory metabolomics and bioactivities assay provided a new strategy for the classification of tea grades.