Incidence rates of chronic lymphocytic leukemia in US states are associated with residential radon levels.
Future Oncol. 2016 Jan ;12(2):165-74. Epub 2015 Oct 30. PMID: 26515766
Gary G Schwartz
AIM: Environmental risk factors for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) have not been consistently identified. An etiologic role for ionizing radiation in CLL is controversial. Because most of the ionizing radiation to which individuals are exposed comes from radon at home, we examined CLL incidence rates in relation to residential radon levels.
METHODS: We used population-based rates for CLL for US states from 2007 to 2011 and measurements of residential radon made by the US Environmental Protection Agency.
RESULTS: Incidence rates for CLL were significantly correlated with residential radon levels among whites (both genders together and each gender separately; p<0.005) and among blacks (p<0.05).
CONCLUSION: We speculate that radon increases CLL risk and that the mechanisms may be similar to those by which radon causes lung cancer.