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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

[Hypotonic-Hyporesponsive Episode after immunization with whole-cell pertussis combination vaccine. Clinical Case Report].

Abstract Source:

Rev Chil Pediatr. 2017 Dec ;88(6):771-775. PMID: 29546927

Abstract Author(s):

Juliana Velasco, David A Montero, Miguel Guzmán

Article Affiliation:

Juliana Velasco

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION: Hypotonic-Hyporesponsive Episode (HHE) is an adverse event after vaccination, mainly associated with whole-cell pertussis vaccines. It is characterized by a sudden onset of muscle flaccidity, reduced response to stimuli and pallor or cyanosis. Although the HHE is infrequent, it is considered a severe adverse event.

OBJECTIVE: To report a case of HHE following the administration of the whole-cell pertussis combination vaccine (DTwP-HB-Hib), which is included in National Im munization Program (PNI) of Chile, and to contributing to the knowledge of this adverse event in the country.

CASE REPORT: A 6-month-old infant, 3 hours post-vaccination with the third dose of DTwP-HB-Hib vaccine, presented a decreased level of consciousness that was interpreted as atonic seizure but finally considered as EHH. The infant progressed favorably after 2 hours of clinical observation and was discharged 24 hours later. Parents were suggested to continue the immunization schedule of the infant with acellular pertussis vaccines as a preventive measure.

CONCLUSIONS: The lack of knowledge about the EHH may discourage childhood immunization. Therefore, it is important for the medical staff to inform parents of the patients about this benign, self-limited and non-recurrent adverse event. In these cases, it is recommended to continue the immunization schedule of the infant with acellular pertussis vaccines.

Study Type : Human: Case Report

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