Hyperforin could protect against acute cerebral ischemic injury. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Hyperforin protects against acute cerebral ischemic injury through inhibition of interleukin-17A-mediated microglial activation.
Brain Res. 2018 Jan 1 ;1678:254-261. Epub 2017 Sep 1. PMID: 28870826
Hyperforin, a pharmacologically active component of the medicinal plant Hypericum perforatum (St. John's wort), has been shown to be neuroprotective against acute ischemic stroke. However, the underlying mechanisms are still unclear and need to be fully elucidated. C57BL/6 wildtype (WT) mice or interleukin (IL)-17A knock-out mice were subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (60min) followed by reperfusion for 72h. Hyperforin (0.5μg) was injected slowly into the right ventricle of WT mice 1, 24 and 48h after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) onset. Here, we found that hyperforin treatment decreased the mRNA and protein expression of IL-17A at 72h after MCAO onset. Hyperforin reduced infarct volumes and increased neurologic scores accompanied by a decrease in microglial activation and a shift from M1 to M2 phenotypes in the peri-infarct striatum. Furthermore, we revealed that IL-17A was essential to the microglial activation in the acute phase of ischemic stroke. IL-17A knock-out (il-17a-/-) or anti-IL-17 A monoclonal antibody treatment markedly decreased the microglial activation and induced a shift from M1 to M2 phenotypes of activated microglia. In addition, treatment with recombinant mouse IL-17A abolished the protective effects of hyperforin on acute ischemic brain injury, attenuated the inhibitory effects of hyperforin on the microglial activation, and inhibited the enhanced shift from M1 to M2 phenotypes mediated by hyperforin. In conclusion, our results clearly showed that hyperforin could protect against acute cerebral ischemic injury through inhibition of interleukin-17A-mediated microglialactivation and polarization of microglia to M2 phenotype.