Hyperbaric-Oxygen Therapy Improves Survival and Functional Outcome of Acute Severe Intracerebral Hemorrhage.
Arch Med Res. 2017 Oct ;48(7):638-652. Epub 2018 Mar 13. PMID: 29548729
BACKGROUND: Prognosis of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) remains poor worldwide.
AIMS OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effect and optimal protocol for hyperbaric-oxygen therapy (HBOT), and reduce incidence of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) in ICH.
METHODS: This prospective, randomized, controlled trial included 565 patients with acute severe ICH. Participants were randomly assigned to a sham-control group (Group A) and four intervention groups: Groups B and C with 2.0 atmospheres absolute (ATA) pressure and HBOT exposure for 60 or 90 sessions, respectively; and Groups D and E with 1.5 ATA for 60 or 90 sessions, respectively. All patients received emergency craniotomy with hematoma evacuation. Outcome measures were modified Barthel Index (MBI) and modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores, mortality rates at follow-up six months. UGIB rates were assessed as potential side effect.
RESULTS: In four intervention groups, MBI and mRS scores were all significantly improved, and mortality rates were all significantly decreased compared with Group A (all p < 0.005). UGIB rates were 39.25, 60.00, 64.49, 36.79, and 34.26% in Groups A, B, C, D, and E, respectively. UGIB rates in Groups B and C were significantly increased compared with Groups A, D and E (all p < 0.005). None of UGIB were clinically significant.
CONCLUSIONS: HBOT significantly improves survival and functional outcomes of ICH. HBOT at 1.5 and 2.0 ATA had the same beneficial effect. A pressure of 1.5 ATA and 60 HBOT exposures represents an optimal protocol for HBOT. Further studies are needed to optimize the protocol per specific patient.