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Abstract Title:

Intake of vitamin B6, folate, and vitamin B12 and risk of coronary heart disease: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.

Abstract Source:

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2018 Nov 15:1-11. Epub 2018 Nov 15. PMID: 30431328

Abstract Author(s):

Ahmad Jayedi, Mahdieh Sadat Zargar

Article Affiliation:

Ahmad Jayedi

Abstract:

The objective of this study was to quantify the association of B-vitamins intake with the future risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). A systematic search was performed with the use of PubMed and Scopus from inception to April 30, 2018. Prospective cohort studies evaluating the association of intake of folate, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12 with risk of CHD in the general population were included. A random-effects meta-analysis was performed. Eleven prospective cohort studies (total n = 369,746) with 5133 cases of CHD were included in the analyses. The relative risks were: 0.79 (95%CI: 0.69, 0.89; I = 67%) for a 250 µg/d increment in folate intake; 0.87 (95%CI: 0.78, 0.96; I = 80%) for a 0.5 mg/d increment in vitamin B6 intake; and 0.97 (95%CI: 0.80, 1.14: I = 67%) for a 3 µg/d increment in vitamin B12 intake. The results did not change materially when the analyses were restricted only to dietary vitamins intake. A nonlinear dose-response meta-analysis demonstrated a linear inverse association between folate and vitamin B6 intake and risk of CHD. In conclusion, higher intake of folate and vitamin B6 is associated with a lower risk of CHD in the general population.

Study Type : Meta Analysis, Review

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Sayer Ji
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