Heating whey protein may adversely affect its antigenicity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
The secondary structure of heated whey protein and its hydrolysates antigenicity.
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi. 2011 Nov ;31(11):3055-9. PMID: 22242516
College of Food Science&Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Key Laboratory of Functional Dairy, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100083, China. email@example.com
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and circular dichroism (CD) were used to investigate the conformational changes of heated whey protein (WP) and the corresponding changes in the hydrolysates immunoreactivity were determined by competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results showed that the contents of alpha- helix and beta-sheet of WP did not decrease much under mild heating conditions and the antigenicity was relatively high; when the heating intensity increased (70 degrees for 25 min or 75 degrees C for 20 min), the content of alpha- helix and beta-sheet decreased to the minimum, so was the antigenicity; However, when the WP was heated at even higher temperature and for a longer time, the beta-sheet associated with protein aggregation begun to increase and the antigenicity increased correspondingly. It was concluded that the conformations of heated WP and the antigenicity of its hydrolysates are related and the optimum structure for decreasing the hydrolysates antigeniity is the least content of alpha-helix and beta-sheet. Establishing the relationship between the WP secondary structure and WP hydrolysates antigenicity is significant to supply the reference for antigenicity reduction by enzymolysis.