Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

n/a
Abstract Title:

Harmine, aβ-carboline alkaloid, inhibits osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption in vitro and in vivo.

Abstract Source:

Eur J Pharmacol. 2011 Jan 15 ;650(2-3):511-8. Epub 2010 Nov 1. PMID: 21047508

Abstract Author(s):

Takayuki Yonezawa, Shin-ichi Hasegawa, Midori Asai, Tadashi Ninomiya, Toshinori Sasaki, Byung-Yoon Cha, Toshiaki Teruya, Hidehiro Ozawa, Kazumi Yagasaki, Kazuo Nagai, Je-Tae Woo

Article Affiliation:

Takayuki Yonezawa

Abstract:

Bone homeostasis is controlled by the balance between osteoblastic bone formation and osteoclastic bone resorption. Excessive bone resorption is involved in the pathogenesis of bone-related disorders such as osteoporosis, arthritis and periodontitis. To obtain new antiresorptive agents, we searched for natural compounds that can inhibit osteoclast differentiation and function. We found that harmine, aβ-carboline alkaloid, inhibited multinucleated osteoclast formation induced by receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) in RAW264.7 cells. Similar results were obtained in cultures of bone marrow macrophages supplemented with macrophage colony-stimulating factor and RANKL, as well asin cocultures of bone marrow cells and osteoblastic UAMS-32 cells in the presence of vitamin D(3) and prostaglandin E(2). Furthermore, harmine prevented RANKL-induced bone resorption in both cell and bone tissue cultures. Treatment with harmine (10 mg/kg/day) also prevented bone loss in ovariectomized osteoporosis model mice. Structure-activity relationship studies showed that the C3-C4 double bond and 7-methoxy group of harmine are important for its inhibitory activity on osteoclast differentiation. In mechanistic studies, we found that harmine inhibited the RANKL-induced expression of c-Fosand subsequent expression of nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) c1, which is a master regulator of osteoclastogenesis. However, harmine did not affect early signaling molecules such as ERK, p38 MAPK and IκBα. These results indicate that harmine inhibits osteoclast formation via downregulation of c-Fos and NFATc1 induced by RANKL and represses bone resorption. These novel findings may be useful for the treatment of bone-destructive diseases.

Study Type : Animal Study, In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.