Green tea polyphenol EGCG causes anti-cancerous epigenetic modulations in acute promyelocytic leukemia cells.
Leuk Lymphoma. 2017 Jun 22:1-10. Epub 2017 Jun 22. PMID: 28641467
Green tea (Camellia sinensis) catechin epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) has been shown to possess diverse anti-cancerous properties. We demonstrated EGCG ability to inhibit acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cell proliferation and cause apoptosis. In addition, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) analysis revealed elevated expression of genes associated with cell cycle arrest and differentiation (p27, PCAF, C/EBPα, and C/EBPɛ). Furthermore, EGCG caused anti-cancerous epigenetic changes: downregulation of epigenetic modifiers DNMT1, HDAC1, HDAC2, and G9a was observed by RT-qPCR analysis. Reduced amount of H3K9me2 after treatment with EGCG confirmed G9a downregulation. Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) core components were also shown to be downregulated in gene and protein level. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) analysis revealed that EGCG treatment enhanced hyperacetylated H4 and acetylated H3K14 histones binding to the promoter regions of p27, PCAF, C/EBPα, and C/EBPɛ and reduced binding effect to PRC2 core component genes EZH2, SUZ12, and EED. Our results indicate that EGCG, as cell proliferation inhibitor and epigenetic modifier, might be useful for APL treatment.