Gold nanoparticles disrupt tumor microenvironment. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Gold Nanoparticles Disrupt Tumor Microenvironment - Endothelial Cell Cross Talk To Inhibit Angiogenic Phenotypes in Vitro.
Bioconjug Chem. 2019 Jun 19 ;30(6):1724-1733. Epub 2019 May 22. PMID: 31067032
It is currently recognized that perpetual cross talk among key players in tumor microenvironment such as cancer cells (CCs), cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs), and endothelial cells (ECs) plays a critical role in tumor progression, metastasis, and therapy resistance. Disruption of the cross talk may be useful to improve the outcome of therapeutics for which limited options are available. In the current study we investigate the use of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as a therapeutic tool to disrupt the multicellular cross talk within the TME cells with an emphasis on inhibiting angiogenesis. We demonstrate here that AuNPs disrupt signal transduction from TME cells (CCs, CAFs, and ECs) to ECs and inhibit angiogenic phenotypes in vitro. We show that conditioned media (CM) from ovarian CCs, CAFs, or ECs themselves induce tube formation and migration of ECs in vitro. Migration of ECs is also induced when ECs are cocultured with CCs, CAFs, or ECs. In contrast, CM from the cells treated with AuNPs or cocultured cells pretreated with AuNPs demonstrate diminished effects on ECs tube formation and migration. Mechanistically, AuNPs deplete∼95% VEGF165 from VEGF single-protein solution and remove up to ∼45% of VEGF165 from CM, which is reflected on reduced activation of VEGF-Receptor 2 (VEGFR2) as compared to control CM. These results demonstrate that AuNPs inhibit angiogenesis via blockade of VEGF-VEGFR2 signaling from TME cellsto endothelial cells.