Genistein induces programmed cell death in mastocytoma cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Genistein-induced apoptosis of p815 mastocytoma cells is mediated by Bax and augmented by a proteasome inhibitor, lactacystin.
Nutr Cancer. 2002;42(2):248-55. PMID: 12416267
Although genistein has been demonstrated to induce apoptosis of various cells, there is no report of its effect on mast cell proliferation. Here we show that genistein reduced the viability of mast cell tumor cell lines, p815 and RBL-2H, but not of a human mast cell line, HMC-1. Further investigation on its growth-inhibitory mechanism was undertaken on p815 mastocytoma cells. Genistein induced G2/M arrest and subsequent apoptotic death. p815 cells undergoing apoptosis showed many apoptotic manifestations, such as reduction of mitochondrial membrane potential, release of cytochrome c to cytosol, translocation of apoptosis-inducing factor to nucleus, activation of caspase-3, nuclear condensation, and generation of DNA fragmentation. Genistein treatment resulted in the increase of Bax expression and its translocation into mitochondria, whereas expression levels of Bcl-2 remained unchanged. Proteasome activity decreased at the early time points after genistein treatment, but thereafter it fluctuated at increased levels. A proteasome inhibitor, lactacystin, potentiated the induction of apoptosis. Taken together, genistein-induced apoptosis of p815 mastocytoma cells is at least in part mediated by proteasome, Bax, apoptosis-inducing factor, and caspase and augmented by cotreatment with a proteasome inhibitor, lactacystin.