Fish oil in combination with vitamin E ameliorate IgA nephropathy in mice. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Effects of fish oil and alpha-tocopherol in immunoglobulin A nephropathy in the rat.
Pediatr Res. 1998 Jun;43(6):791-7. PMID: 9621989
Alpha-tocopherol and fish oil have been reported to modulate the progression of IgA nephropathy in animals and humans. Because fish oil has been reported to exacerbate renal disease in subtotal nephrectomized rats, we investigated the effects of fish oil, with and without alpha-tocopherol, on the course of IgA nephropathy. Experimental IgA nephropathy was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 170-200 g, by oral and i.v. immunization with bovine gamma-globulin for 8 wk. IgA nephropathy was evidenced by hematuria, proteinuria, and IgA deposition in the mesangium. Standard rodent chow, containing 30 IU of alpha-tocopherol/kg of diet, was given to the control and IgA nephropathy rats. Fish oil (20% wt/wt), stripped of alpha-tocopherol preservative, was given to control and a second group of IgA nephropathy rats. Alternatively, corn oil or fish oil was supplemented with alpha-tocopherol at 100 IU/kg of diet and given to the third and fourth groups of IgA nephropathy rats. All animals were killed at 8 wk. Urinary protein excretion, plasma and kidney alpha-tocopherol concentrations, as well as glomerular planar area, and kidney transforming growth factor-beta1 mRNA were analyzed. As determined by reductions in proteinuria, glomerular planar area, and TGF-beta1 mRNA, fish oil with alpha-tocopherol ameliorated the renal injury induced by bovine gamma-globulin, whereas fish oil without alpha-tocopherol did not. Our findings support the importance of alpha-tocopherol, more so than fish oil, in mitigating the injury and promoting repair in experimental IgA nephropathy.