Enhanced cytotoxic and apoptotic potential in hepatic carcinoma cells of chitosan nanoparticles loaded with ginsenoside compound K.
Carbohydr Polym. 2018 Oct 15 ;198:537-545. Epub 2018 Jun 30. PMID: 30093032
Ginsenoside compound K (CK) has been shown to exhibit anticancer properties. In this study, chitosan nanoparticles loaded with ginsenoside compound K (CK-NPs) were prepared as a delivery system using a self-assembly technique with amphipathic deoxycholic acid-O carboxymethyl chitosan as the carrier, which improved the water solubility of CK. By evaluating drug loading, entrapment efficiency, and in vitro release behavior, the feasibility of CK-NPs as a drug carrier nanoparticle for the treatment of human hepatic carcinoma cells (HepG2) was investigated. Result revealed that CK and CK-NPs showed a dose-dependent inhibitory effect on HepG2 cells with ICvalues of 23.33 and 16.58 μg/mL, respectively. Furthermore, fluorescence imaging demonstrated that CK-NPs promoted cellular uptake in vitro. Therefore, all results indicated that CK-NPs might be a novel drug delivery system to improve the solubility and enhance the cytotoxic and apoptotic potentials of CK for effective liver cancer chemotherapy.