Emerging roles and therapeutic value of exosomes in cancer metastasis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Emerging roles and therapeutic value of exosomes in cancer metastasis.
Mol Cancer. 2019 Mar 30 ;18(1):53. Epub 2019 Mar 30. PMID: 30925925
Exosomes are cell-derived vesicles of 30 to 150 nm that contain diverse proteins, nucleic acids, and lipids. These vesicles facilitate effective intercellular communication and trigger profound environmental changes. In recent years, many studies have identified diverse roles for exosomes in tumor metastasis, a major cause of cancer-related deaths; furthermore, circulating tumor-derived exosomes can drive the initiation and progression of metastasis and determine the specific target organs affected. Fortunately, our growing understanding of exosomes and relevant modification technology have provided new ideas for potential treatment of tumor metastases. Here we review recent advances concerning the role of exosomes in metastasis, focusing on their regulatory mechanisms and therapeutic targeting in advanced cancer.