Ellagic acid protects lipopolysaccharide/D-galactosamine-induced acute hepatic injury. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Ellagic acid protects Lipopolysaccharide/D-galactosamine-induced acute hepatic injury in mice.
Int Immunopharmacol. 2014 Oct ;22(2):341-5. Epub 2014 Jul 16. PMID: 25038320
Ellagic acid, a natural polyphenol found in certain fruits, nuts and vegetables, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, and antioxidant activities. However, the effects of ellagic acid on acute hepatic injury have not been reported. In the present study, we investigated the effects of ellagic acid on Lipopolysaccharide/d-galactosamine-induced acute hepatic injury in mice. The results showed that LPS/GalN increased hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA) content, TNF-α level, serum ALT and AST levels and TNF-α level. However, these changes were attenuated by ellagic acid. Western blot analysis showed that ellagic acid inhibited LPS/GalN-induced NF-κB activation. Furthermore, ellagic acid induced the expression of Nrf2 and heme oxygenase-1. In conclusion, ourresults showed that ellagic acid protected against LPS/GalN-induced liver injury by enhancing the antioxidative defense system and reducing inflammatory response.