Eicosapentaenoic acid may have a therapeutic role in attenuating pulmonary hypertension. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Eicosapentaenoic acid-induced endothelium-dependent and -independent relaxation of sheep pulmonary artery.
Eur J Pharmacol. 2010 Jun 25;636(1-3):108-13. Epub 2010 Mar 27. PMID: 20347779
Department of Veterinary Pharmacology&Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science&Animal Husbandry, Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Veterinary University&Go-Anusandhan Sansthan (DUVASU), Mathura, UP, India.
It is known that long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), have beneficial effects on cardiovascular function including pulmonary hypertension. The purpose of the present study was to examine the mechanisms involved in EPA-induced relaxation of sheep isolated pulmonary artery by measuring isometric tension. Nitric oxide (NO) derived from constitutive nitric oxide synthase (cNOS) was measured by Greiss method in the presence of the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) selective inhibitor N-[[3-(aminomethyl) phenyl]methyl]-ethanimidamide, dihydrochloride (1400 W). EPA (10(-)(7)-10(-)(4)M) caused concentration-dependent relaxation of sheep pulmonary artery with a pD(2) of 5.56+/-0.09 and E(max) of 87.40+/-3.10% (n=9). N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) 100 microM significantly attenuated (E(max) 41.95+/-6.70%; n=8) EPA-induced relaxation of endothelium intact arterial rings. Similarly, endothelium denudation markedly inhibited (E(max) 17.60+/-1.21%; n=4) EPA-induced relaxation. EPA (30 microM) significantly increased the cNOS-derived NO release (10.17+/-0.96; n=8 versus control 7.43+/-0.78 pmol/mg tissue wet wt./h; n=7) in endothelium intact vessels. However, EPA-stimulated NO release was markedly blunted by either 100 microM L-NAME (7.07+/-0.54 pmol/mg tissue wet wt./h; n=8) or endothelium removal (6.97+/-0.87 pmol/mg tissue wet wt./h; n=17). In endothelium-denuded K(+) (80 mM)-depolarized arterial rings, EPA (30 microM) significantly inhibited CaCl(2)-induced contractions (E(max) 42.77+/-5.90% versus control 94.78+/-9.82%; n=5). The fatty acid also inhibited nifedipine (1 microM)-insensitive 5-HT-induced contractions in this vessel (E(max) 70.57+/-4.88% versus control 161.50+/-17.46%; n=5). In conclusion, EPA relaxes sheep pulmonary artery primarily through endothelium-dependent NO release, and the residual endothelium-independent relaxation may result from inhibition of Ca(2+)-influx through L-type calcium channels, as well as 5-HT-stimulated intracellular Ca(2+) release.