EGCG has a preventive effect in chemically-induced liver cancer. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Preventive effects of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate on diethylnitrosamine-induced liver tumorigenesis in obese and diabetic C57BL/KsJ-db/db Mice.
Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2011 Mar ;4(3):396-403. PMID: 21372039
Department of Medicine, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu 501-1194, Japan. firstname.lastname@example.org
Obesity and related metabolic abnormalities, including insulin resistance and a state of chronic inflammation, increase the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma. Abnormal activation of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF)/ IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) axis is also involved in obesity-related liver tumorigenesis. In the present study, we examined the effects of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a major biologically active component of green tea, on the development of diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced liver tumorigenesis in C57BL/KsJ-db/db (db/db) obese mice. Male db/db mice were given tap water containing 40 ppm DEN for 2 weeks and then they received drinking water containing 0.1% EGCG for 34 weeks. At sacrifice, drinking water with EGCG significantly inhibited the development of liver cell adenomas in comparison with the control EGCG-untreated group. EGCG inhibited the phosphorylation of the IGF-1R, ERK (extracellular signal-regulated kinase), Akt, GSK-3β (glycogen synthase kinase-3β), Stat3, and JNK (c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase) proteins in the livers of experimental mice. The serum levels of insulin, IGF-1, IGF-2, free fatty acid, and TNF-α were all decreased by drinking EGCG, which also decreased the expression of TNF-α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β, and IL-18 mRNAs in the livers. In addition, EGCG improved liver steatosis and activated the AMP-activated kinase protein in the liver. These findings suggest that EGCG prevents obesity-related liver tumorigenesis by inhibiting the IGF/IGF-1R axis, improving hyperinsulinemia, and attenuating chronic inflammation. EGCG, therefore, may be useful in the chemoprevention of liver tumorigenesis in obese individuals. Cancer Prev Res; 4(3); 396-403. ©2011 AACR.