Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

Abstract Title:

Preventive effects of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate on diethylnitrosamine-induced liver tumorigenesis in obese and diabetic C57BL/KsJ-db/db Mice.

Abstract Source:

Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2011 Mar ;4(3):396-403. PMID: 21372039

Abstract Author(s):

Masahito Shimizu, Hiroyasu Sakai, Yohei Shirakami, Yoichi Yasuda, Masaya Kubota, Daishi Terakura, Atsushi Baba, Tomohiko Ohno, Yukihiko Hara, Takuji Tanaka, Hisataka Moriwaki

Article Affiliation:

Department of Medicine, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu 501-1194, Japan. shimim-gif@umin.ac.jp

Abstract:

Obesity and related metabolic abnormalities, including insulin resistance and a state of chronic inflammation, increase the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma. Abnormal activation of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF)/ IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) axis is also involved in obesity-related liver tumorigenesis. In the present study, we examined the effects of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a major biologically active component of green tea, on the development of diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced liver tumorigenesis in C57BL/KsJ-db/db (db/db) obese mice. Male db/db mice were given tap water containing 40 ppm DEN for 2 weeks and then they received drinking water containing 0.1% EGCG for 34 weeks. At sacrifice, drinking water with EGCG significantly inhibited the development of liver cell adenomas in comparison with the control EGCG-untreated group. EGCG inhibited the phosphorylation of the IGF-1R, ERK (extracellular signal-regulated kinase), Akt, GSK-3β (glycogen synthase kinase-3β), Stat3, and JNK (c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase) proteins in the livers of experimental mice. The serum levels of insulin, IGF-1, IGF-2, free fatty acid, and TNF-α were all decreased by drinking EGCG, which also decreased the expression of TNF-α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β, and IL-18 mRNAs in the livers. In addition, EGCG improved liver steatosis and activated the AMP-activated kinase protein in the liver. These findings suggest that EGCG prevents obesity-related liver tumorigenesis by inhibiting the IGF/IGF-1R axis, improving hyperinsulinemia, and attenuating chronic inflammation. EGCG, therefore, may be useful in the chemoprevention of liver tumorigenesis in obese individuals. Cancer Prev Res; 4(3); 396-403. ©2011 AACR.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.